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On December 2011 until January 2012, PDRC has conducted Baseline Survey of Nutrition and Health in Berau District Province East Kalimantan collaboration with PT. Berau Coal Tbk. This survey was prior to the intervention program conducted by PT. Berau Coal Tbk.

The objective of the survey were to assess the health and nutritional status of under five children and pregnant women, factors associated with health and nutritional status of the under five children and pregnant women.

The design of the study was a cross sectional, and the population was household with children under-five or pregnant women who live in the circumference of the mine PT. Berau Coal Tbk. Sample unit for the study is household with under five children or pregnant women, community leader, midwive, cadres, head of village.

Sample selection used Probability Proportionate to Size (PPS) with C-program survey, found 21 villages representing 30 clusters. Multi-stage sampling was used, because the village build of PT Berau Coal are large. The first stage was randomly select posyandu and the second stage was randomly under five. The total sample size was 510 under five and 266 pregnant women from 43 Posyandu has selected. Anthropometric measurements performed on all samples, whereas hemoglobin measurements performed on 209 children and 121 pregnant women, or about 41% of the total sample of under five and 46% of the total sample of pregnant women.

Data collection included several methods such as interview to mothers of under five children, assessment of food security status, household observation, anthropometry assessment, hemoglobin assessment, Focus Group Discussion (FGD), in-depth interview. The interview to mothers of underfive children included questions on social demographic characteristics, socio-economic conditions, environmental condition, personal hygiene, feeding care, health status of children less than five years and health seeking behavior.

The results of the survey showed the prevalence of malnutrition among children under five (BB / U <2 z-score) was 15.5% and the prevalence of anemia among children under five by 42%. Around 40.1% of household include in category of food insecure. Cough, cold and heat are the most common disease children in the 2 weeks before the survey. Most of the children had been immunized, but for the routine visits to the posyandu they were still lacking.

The prevalence of Chronic Energy Deficiency (CED) among the pregnant women was 20.3% and the prevalence of anemia among the pregnant women was 3.2 %. Total 32.3% in households of pregnant women included in category of food insecure. The most common disease of pregnant women in the 2 weeks before the survey was coughs, colds, and dizziness. Knowledge about nutrition of pregnant women is still low and they are less maintaining hygiene (personal hygiene) and sanitation. However, most pregnant women have been doing antenatal care (ANC).

 

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